How may tangles are residuum?

I need prerogative to live my life,
The land, where my pace may sustain and spacious sky on my head,
I need prerogative to live my life,

Your are my vigilant, I am yours
Escort you are mine, panacea I am yours,

Neither I am retainer nor assault of anyone,
Cognate and companion I am yours,
Need the path on which we can walk together,

The treasure of lights is my lap,
Educate me and give me reverence,
The path will be made itself from every obstacle,
Give me equal reverence as yours,

Since centuries I have been searching the village where I might be given justice,
Aside,different than impuissance and violence,
And that air which is pellucid,

The miror of mine is needed a shine now,

I need prerogative to live my life,
The land, where my pace may sustain and spacious sky on my head,
I need prerogative to live my life.

 

 

 

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Some words of wisdom

Birds and animals require little training to lead a life. The instincts of self-preservation are implanted in them by nature .This does not happen with the men, his intellectual growth depends on many outside factors and cannot attain maturity without long and deliberate effort for education .A forest can grow itself but a garden cannot : Nature itself does not make  everything perfect .A flower is pretty itself but a diamond requires a lot of cutting and polishing before it will scintillate into a thousand colours.Likewise, Man is  a rough diamond and requires filling and polishing before all his facilities can fully function . Education is just this embellishment of human personality so that it reaches its full development. Knowledge enables one to lead a better life physically, mentally and spiritually.

 

Kashmir issue and emerging threats

The idea that the dispute over the status of Jammu and Kashmir can be settled only in accordance with the will of the people, which can be established through the democratic method of a free and impartial plebiscite, was the common ground taken by all the three parties to the dispute: the people of Kashmir, Pakistan, and India. It was supported without any disagreement by the United Nations Security Council; prominently advocated by the United States, Great Britain, France and other democratic states.

Due to the cold war, India found a firm ally for her delaying position in the Soviet Union. With the end of the cold war, the original perspective should have been recovered.

When Britain settled her Indian empire, the question arose: to whom would power be transferred? This was settled by a process of election. Through a multilateral agreement concluded by Britain, the Congress and the Muslim League, British India was partitioned between the descendant states of India and Pakistan.

The disposition of those territories not directly administrated by Britain, but ruled by feudal princes under British dominancy also had to be determined. The principle that followed logically from the partition of British India was that these princely states should merge, unless they could remain independent, with India or Pakistan according to (a) whether they were contiguous to one or the other and (b) what their people wished. The technical form that the union took was the signing of an Instrument of Accession by the ruler. But the act was not and could not be, based on the arbitrary decision of one individual, for if it did not have popular approval, the people would revolt and an international conflict would arise. In fact, out of the more than 562 cases, there were disputes only in three. In two of these, Hyderabad and Junagarh, the ruler was Muslim while the majority was Hindu. When the ruler hesitated or refused to sign the Instrument of Accession to India, contrary to the popular will, India felt justified in marching in her troops and annexing the territories. Her decision obtained international compliance.

Kashmir was the third case. The largest of all states and the only one bordering on four countries ‑ Pakistan, India, China, and Afghanistan ‑ it was the opposite of Hyderabad and Junagarh: the ruler was Hindu while the overwhelming majority of the people were Muslim. There was an additional and unique circumstance: unlike all other states, Kashmir had witnessed an open revolt against the ruler in 1946. Overthrown from Srinagar, his capital, on 26 October 1947, the Maharaja called upon India to send her army to suppress the revolt. India set the condition that he sign the Instrument of Compliance to India and, without waiting for his signature, sent her troops into the state on 27 October 1947.

The act was so incongruous with what had happened elsewhere ‑ where in all cases the people’s wishes had prevailed ‑ that India knew it would provoke violent opposition from the people of the state as well as from Pakistan and outrage world opinion, India, therefore, felt compelled to declare that the compliance executed by the ruler — the Maharaja was “provisional” and subject to “a reference to the people.”

Between October and December of 1947, the Azad Kashmir forces successfully resisted India’s armed invasion and enlightened one‑third of the State. Realising it could not quell the confrontation; India brought the issue to the United Nations in January 1948.

The Security Council discussed the question profoundly from January to April 1948. It came to the conclusion that it would be impossible to determine responsibility for the fighting and futile to blame either side. Since both parties desired that the question of accession should be decided through an impartial plebiscite, the Security Council developed proposals based on the common ground between them. These were embodied in the Security Council resolution # 47 of 21 April, 1948, visualizing a cease‑fire, the withdrawal of all outside forces from the State and a plebiscite under the control of an administrator who would be nominated by the Secretary General. Of the United Nations.

A development that hardened India’s stance was Pakistan’s joining military pacts sponsored by the United States. From 1955, India took the position that, in view of this alliance, it could no longer express the withdrawal of its forces from Kashmir. India found a ready supporter for this position in the Soviet Union, which, after 1958, blocked every attempt by the Security Council to liberate the situation and implement the peace plan originally accepted by both parties – India and Pakistan. This caused the paralysis of the Security Council on Kashmir ‑ a condition which lasted from 1958 to this day.

Even today, India’s occupation of Kashmir has been left undisturbed by the international community, even though its validity has never been accepted. At no stage, however, have the people of Kashmir shown themselves to be resolved. Kashmir’s record of opposition to its invasion by the Indian Union can be no standard be estimated as less genuinely demonstrated than that of countries of Eastern Europe under the dominance of the Soviet Union. But while the popular revolt in the countries of Eastern Europe was observed and reported by the international media that in Kashmir has remained largely hidden from the world’s view.

The persistence of this problem has been a source of weakness for both India and Pakistan. It has diminished both these neighboring countries. Indeed, some discriminating observers already perceive a growing awareness in the Indian middle class that the persistence of the Kashmir problem weakens India by diminishing its standing among the great powers. As a matter of fact, there have always existed rational elements in Indian Public Square which have questioned both the ethics and the practical advantage of India’s stubbornness on Kashmir. As they have received little support from outside, they have remained mostly restrained.

India’s obstinate stand has been effective in creating the impression that the idea of a plebiscite is unworkable. This, however, cannot be a considered certain. In the first place, the commonsense appeal and justice of the idea is unquestionable. There is no way the dispute can be settled once and for all except in harmony with the people will, and there is no way the people’s will can be ascertained except through an impartial vote. Secondly, there are no undefeatable obstacles to the setting up of a plebiscite administration in Kashmir under the aegis of the United Nations. The world organisation has proved its ability, even in the most forbidding circumstances, to institute an electoral process under its supervision and control and with the help of a neutral peace‑keeping force. The striking example of this is Namibia, which was peacefully brought to independence after seven decades of occupation and control by South Africa and East Timor where the United Nations Transitional Administration organised elections which resulted in the 88-member Constituent Assembly. Thirdly, as Sir Owen Dixon, the United Nations Representative, visualized seven decades ago, the plebiscite can be so regionalised that none of the different zones of the state (Valley, Jammu, Ladakh, Azad Kashmir and Gilat-Baltistan) will be forced to accept an outcome contrary to its wishes.

If a credible peace process is instituted, some t’s will need to be crossed and some i’s dotted, but given the political will of India and Pakistan to implement their international agreement, and the will of the Security Council to secure that implementation, these can present no obstacles. It is not the inherent difficulties of a solution, but the lack of the will to implement a solution, that has caused the prolonged deadlock over the Kashmir dispute. The deadlock has meant indescribable agony for the people of Kashmir and countless loss for both India and Pakistan.

The mantra has been repeated too often that the world powers have no alternative to relying on bilateral talks between India and Pakistan to achieve a settlement. The experience of more than sixty-nine years is ignored. No bilateral talks between India and Pakistan have yielded agreements without the active role of an external element. The world powers must recognise that there can be no settlement, negotiated or otherwise, without the active and full participation of the genuine Kashmiri leadership.

In order to quicken and strengthen the peace process, the world powers would definitely recommend improving the atmosphere in Kashmir by a full restoration of civil liberties, including the liberty to express themselves peacefully on the question of their own future. A suppression of this freedom means empowering terroristic elements. This in turn paves the way for destabilising Pakistan – something that is certainly not in India’s own interest, nor in the interest of the international community, including the United States.

Peace between India and Pakistan could help unlock another conflict with even higher stakes for the United States: the war in Afghanistan. Indeed, a growing chorus of experts has begun arguing that the road to Kabul runs through Kashmir—that the US will never stabilise the former without peace in the latter. Suddenly, bringing India and Pakistan together seems to be very much in America’s interest.

 

 

International Organizations and thier Headquaters

Hellow everyone , here I am going to share list of  important  International organizations and their headquaters to keep your knowledge updated for various exams.

  1. UNO – New York
  2. UNICEF – New York
  3. UNESCO – Paris
  4. UNIDO – Vienna
  5. WHO – Geneva
  6. UNFPA – New York
  7. ILO – Geneva
  8. IMF – Washington DC
  9. WTO – Geneva
  10. International Court Of Justice – The Hague
  11. International Atomic Energy Agency – Vienna
  12. World Bank – Washington D.C.
  13. International Committee of the Red Cross – Geneva
  14. International Maritime Organisation – London
  15. Universal Postal Union – Berne
  16. Food and Agricultural Organisation – Rome
  17. World Meteorological Organisation – Geneva
  18. SAARC – Kathmandu
  19. Amnesty International – London
  20. Transparency International – Berlin
  21. World Intellectual Property Organization – Geneva
  22. International Renewable Energy Agency – Abu Dhabi (UAE) (Interim HQs)
  23. Commonwealth of Nations – London
  24. International Standards Organisation – Geneva

Women on wheels

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Government of the Punjab launched a new program for women with Punjab Domicile “Women on Wheels” .According this plan, trained and licensed women (Students, Employed or business owners) with 18 to 40 years of ages will be provided with around 3000 customized motorbikes. Moreover, it will empower women through the provision of free motorcycle training. In first phase, only Lahore, Rawalpindi, Multan, Sargodha & Faisalabad permanent or temporary resident women will be given the bikes.

Customized Honda Dream CD 70 motorbikes are being offered under this scheme. The price of motorbike before subsidy is Rs. 67,500/.However; these will be provided at subsidized rates through a transparent balloting process. The application process began back on the 22nd of January and will continue until the 25th of February, 2018.

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This program claims to empower women by giving them easy mobility. As CM Punjab in his tweet wrote “Punjab has launched yet another project by the name of “Women on Wheels” for their empowerment. Let women take charge of their lives & play their full role 4 uplift of their families & the country”. Indeed it’s a great initiative but here the question arises, would male dominated public spaces accept fellow women to ride bike on roads? Seen as a form of women empowerment, this should bridge the wide gap between the sexes, striving to establish some form of equality. It further captures the essence of feeling free in a society that insists women to be bound.

 

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This campaign has already got much appreciation on social media. Sabirnazar: an editorial cartoonist for ‘Express Tribune, ‘The Friday Times’ expressed his opinion saying “women get subsidy on motorcycles in Punjab. I believe men will behave more civilized on roads, if women are also driving. “Let’s just hope same happen and local men respect this endeavor of empowering women. And we wish future female bikers all the very best for the future. Moreover, we pray for their safety and well-being. Here’s hoping they shatter stereotypes. Additionally, we hope they inspire and empower other women.